Political analyst see international cooperation key to transition
President Hamid Karzai on Tuesday said the security transition from NATO-led soldiers to Afghan forces would start in seven areas of the country, including the capital of southern Helmand province, in July.
Karzai said Afghan forces would be in charge of security for all of Kabul province, except for Sarobi district, the provinces of Panjsher and Bamyan; Herat city, the capital of western Herat province, Lashkargah, the provincial capital of Helmand, Mehtarlam, the capital of eastern Laghman province and Mazar-i-Sharif, capital of northern Balkh province.
Shahnawaz Tanai, a political analyst, says Afghan security forces are required to be strengthened if the transition is to go ahead successfully till its completion. "Our security forces are capable to take over the responsibility, but the only thing they miss is necessary equipment and financial resources," he said, asking the international community to help in this regard.
Former deputy interior minister, Abdul Hadi Khalid emphasises on two things, international community's cooperation and a transparent Afghan government.
"We won't be able to maintain security even if we have five million security forces equipped with modern weapons, until the corruption in there in public departments."
A senator, Lailuma Ahmadi, said neighbouring countries are meddling in internal affairs of Afghanistan. Without naming any country, she said international community should help Afghan government fence its border areas to curb anti-government fighters from sneaking into Afghan territories.
Meanwhile, people express different opinions about the first phase of the transition announced by Karzai.
Some of them are optimistic while others question the capability of Afghan security forces to assume such a big task.
"The transition will prove beneficial in reducing civilian casualties and improving the security," a teacher in Kabul, Ihsanullah Fayaz said. However, he said Afghan government should work hard to form a strong security force.
But another resident of Kabul, Mohammad Azam, believes it is pretty early to start handing over of security to Afghan forces at this stage. He said the Afghan forces are not yet capable of taking everything on their own.
"If foreign forces leave the country, Pakistan, Iran and Russia will immediately start interfering." International troops should spend another ten years to make Afghan forces strong enough to take over the security, he said.
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