Joblessness, insecurity behind Ghazni youth migration
GHAZNI CITY (Pajhwok): A number of residents of southern Ghazni province on Monday said joblessness and other problems were forcing the youth into fleeing to foreign countries through smuggling routes.
A resident of old city of Adnar district, Mohammad Akram, told Pajhwok Afghan News he had twice attempted to reach Europe through Iran.
“I spent two years in Iran to earn some money and go to Europe. I gave a lot of money to the human smugglers, but they left me in the midway.”
Akram said the money the youth paid to human smugglers could be used to start a reasonable business. “We faced a lot of problems on the way to Europe. Our boat nearly capsized twice, but God saved us.”
Similarly, a resident of Deh Yak district’s Ali Qala area, Izzatullah, said his brother died after their boat capsized in Turkey’s waters on the way to Europe.
“My brother was jobless and we feared he might join the insurgency so we sent him abroad. We paid $5,000 to the human smugglers, but the boat sank in Turkey and my brother died in that.”
Izzatullah urged the Ghazni youth to never choose illegal ways for reaching Europe because the journey was full of risks.
These individuals and a tribal elder in Ghazni City, Haji Abdul Ahad, said the youth in Ghazni were forced by unemployment and security problems into embarking on the journey to foreign countries through smuggling routes.
Abdul Ahad said if the government provided jobs to the youth, they would never attempt to go aboard. “We can see there is not a single factory in Ghazni to employ at least 20 people. People are compelled to find bread and support their families by travelling abroad.”
The elder said a number of youth had joined the insurgency and were fighting against government forces due to joblessness.
Youth Affairs official Abdul Ahad Marjankhel told Pajhwok Afghan News joblessness had forced the youth to flee the country. “According to our evaluation, joblessness and illiteracy are the main factors behind the youth migration to foreign countries.”
Marjankhel said their department last year introduced 300 youth to universities for higher studies and the same would be done this year.
He urged families to introduce to them their children who had left their studies incomplete. He also called on families not to let their sons fall into the hands of human smugglers.
Thousands of Afghans have left the country through illegal ways to reach Europe.
According to the German Embassy in Kabul, 83,000 Afghans had applied for asylum in Germany during the past 10 months and so far 43 percent of the migrants had been accepted, the rest being investigated and seven persons had been deported.
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