Afghan govt rejects US report on rights abuses
KABUL (Pajhwok): The Afghan government on Thursday rejected a US Department of State report about human rights violations, weak implementation of the rule of law and official impunity for violators of human rights.
According to a statement from the Presidential Palace received by Pajhwok Afghan News, the Afghan government has read the US Department of State report on ‘Human Rights Situation in the World’.
It said the Afghan government was committed to an open political environment and institutionalization of democratic values, and the government took pride in having no political prison in the country.
The United States on Wednesday expressed concern over the current human rights situation in Afghanistan, noting widespread disregard for the rule of law and official impunity for violators of human rights in 2015.
“Widespread disregard for the rule of law and official impunity for those who committed human rights abuses were serious problems. The government did not consistently prosecute abuses by officials, including security forces,” the State Department said in its annual country reports on human rights practices.
Released by Secretary of State John Kerry, the report said the most significant problems were widespread violence, including attacks on civilians by insurgent groups, killings of people affiliated with the government, torture of detainees by security forces and targeted violence against women.
The Presidential Palace highlighted following points in the US report.
- The report covers human rights situation in Afghanistan between 2013 and 2014. The Afghan government always makes efforts to stand against human rights abuses mostly committed by Taliban and other illegal armed groups.
- The Afghan government has taken decisive steps to decrease violence and human rights abuses. It also brought reforms to the judiciary organs in order to decisively follow cases of human rights violators. For example, the Supreme Court sacked more than 100 judges from appeal courts in all provinces and implemented reforms for 500 cadres in other judiciary affairs.
- The government developed the National Action Programme for the elimination of any kind of tortures. The programme would be implemented by judicial organs particularly by the attorney’s offices. The government is committed to upholding the Constitution to prevent tortures and chase their perpetrators.
- Observation of international humanitarian rules is the main principle the Afghan security forces consider in their operations. There is no record that proves Afghan forces are involved in an arbitrary killing or actions without justice in the past one year. The government would decisively investigate about any kind of arbitrary actions. Based on the assessments of international organizations, particularly UNAMA, the Afghan forces had carefully observed human rights rules in their combat operations.
- All prisons all over the country are under the administration of the government, the government would take decisive action against those who want to create private jails.
The statement at the end said the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC) was responsible to monitor human rights situation, particularly rights of prisoners.
The Afghan government had always supported the commission in identifying abuses, it said, adding the government was committed to enforcing all human rights rules.
The State Department mentioned in its report other human rights problems including extrajudicial killings by security forces, ineffective government investigations of abuse and torture, poor prison conditions, arbitrary arrests, including of women accused of so-called moral crimes.
The State Department also expressed concern over prolonged pretrial detention, judicial corruption and ineffectiveness, violations of privacy rights, restrictions on freedom of speech, press, religion and movement, as well as pervasive governmental corruption.
It alleged the Taliban and other militant continued to kill civilians and security force personnel using indiscriminate tactics, such as improvised explosive devices (IEDs), car bombs, suicide attacks, rocket strikes and armed attacks.
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