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Kabul, Nangarhar, Herat host most IDPs, repatriates: IOM

Kabul, Nangarhar, Herat host most IDPs, repatriates: IOM

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May 08, 2018 - 19:41

KABUL (Pajhwok): Of every six persons in 15 provinces of Afghanistan one is Internally Displaced Person (IDP) or repatriate, while in the past six years 800,000 people migrated from Afghanistan, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) has said.

Findings of the IOM showed that most of the repatriates and IDPs have lived in poverty with nearly one million of them having no personal homes.

Over half of the IDPs lived in Herat, Nangarhar and Kabul provinces while of every 20 repatriates five lived in Nangarhar, three in Kabul and the remaining in 13 provinces.

The third Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) of the IOM conducted from January 2012 till the end of 2017 in 188 district of Afghanistan’s Baghalan, Balkh, Herat, Kandahar, Khost, Kunduz, Laghman, Logar, Nangarhar, Nimroz, Paktia and Takhar involved 35,000 persons.

The result of DTM which was conducted to create ground for assistance to the needy persons was announced today here in the presence of officials from the Ministry of Refugees and Repatriates.

According to the result, in 15 provinces of the country one out of six persons is IDP or repatriate.

In the past six years --- 2012-2017 ---- 3.5 million Afghans accounted for 18 percent of population of the country have repatriated or internally displaced.

The information showed that during the period over 1.8 million have repatriated to the country.

According to the information of Hafeezullah Miakhel, media advisor to the Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation currently around six million Afghans refugees lived in foreign countries which included 1.4 million in Pakistan, 2.3 million in Iran and 2.3 million in Turkey and European countries.

Miakhel said most of refugees hailing from eastern provinces --- Nangarhar, Laghman, Kunar and Nuristan --- stay in Nangarhar province upon their repatriation.

Jalalabad, the capital of Nangarhar is the biggest city in eastern provinces.

IDPs

According to the IOM, more than 1.7 million IDPs are living in 15 provinces of the country.

Nine out of each 10 people are displaced due to conflicts while the rest left their areas due to natural disasters, the source says.

The IOM says more than half (57 percent) of IDPs resided in safe areas in their relevant provinces while the rest 43 others displaced to other provinces of their own.

More than 1.6 million people who had previously been displaced are returned to their homes, the report says.

Acute poverty

According to the report, most of the IDPs and returnees are faced with serious economic problems while more than 100,000 people live in tents and in open.

Preferring urban areas for residence

The IOM findings show that the returnees and the IDPs preferred residing in urban areas due to security reasons and availability of basic services as well as job opportunities.

The statistics show more than 50 percent of returnees and IDPs surveyed in 15 provinces are living in cities.

Fifty-five percent of IDPs chose the center of cities while 42 percent of returnees chose outskirts of cities, the report shows.

Most of the displaced people and returnees live in townships outside of city centers, where the sanitation is said to be very poor and access to water is very limited.

Laurence Hart Chief of Mission IOM Afghanistan, said, “Considering to the last winter when we witnessed little rainfalls, the current year’s summer may be dry, look, those who have suffered from a high level of risk are subject to further hazards, the IDPs and returnees cannot reside in areas where they would have access to basic requirements,”

Migration

The report says that more than 772,000 people (five percent of the 15 provinces), had left the country and migrated to neighbor and other countries between 2012 and 2017.

Sixty percent of these people migrated to Iran, 21 percent to Pakistan and the rest others to European countries and Turkey.

Sayed Hussain Alami, the refugees and repatriation minister, after the release of this report, said that the report was a turning point about reflecting the accurate situation of migration inside and outside the country.

He hoped for the IOM’s continued cooperation with his ministry and said that the government would respond to the findings as a top priority.

Nh/mds

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