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47pc of people believe peace is possible in Afghanistan: Survey

47pc of people believe peace is possible in Afghanistan: Survey

Apr 18, 2019 - 20:07

KABULinfo-icon (Pajhwok): The Center for Strategic and Regional Studies (CSRS) released a report on Thursday claiming that 47 percent of people believed peace was possible between the Talibaninfo-icon and the government while 39 percent said it was impossible.

The survey titled ‘Reviewing Peace and Conflict” under the national unity government was conducted between 2014 and 2018.

The report says 40,000 to 45,000 of people suffered casualties each year under the national unity government during the last four years and the victims included Afghan forces, insurgents and civilians.

Survey has studied incidents based on chronologic manner and assessed incidents’ quality and quantity and involved 288 credible and first hand sources for information.

The CSRS interviewed 812 people including 217 of them womeninfo-icon, most university lecturers making a majority, in six provinces of the country (Kabul, Kandahar, Herat, Nangarhar, Balkh and Kunduz).

They asked both mandatory and optional questions but 19 were main questions.


The findings of the report show 55 percent of people believe the country’s ongoing affairs were moving in a wrong direction, 33 percent said things were moving in the right direction while 12 percent declined to comment in this regard.

More than 34 percent of the interviewees said insecurity would increase in the country, 31 percent said security would improve, over 23 percent said the situation would remain the same and nearly 12 percent others did not comment.

Nearly 66 percent of people did not feel safe in their areas, over 71 percent believed foreign forces were the cause of insecurity and civilian casualties and 81 percent others did not feel safe from criminal incidents.

Hekmatullah Zaland, a researcher with CSRS, said peace was essential for putting an end to conflict related problems.

 “The aim of this investigative report is to inform the country’s policymakers about the country’s situation and make an effective policy for peace and war in the future.”

Zaland said the survey was not a fundamental scrutiny of the situation, but it was conducted for collecting figures and the level of public opinions.

He said the conflict had intensified and casualties among the warring sides and civilians had increased under the national unity government.

“More than 10,000 civilians have suffered casualties each year after 2014, according to registered figures, 43,866 people suffered casualties from 2015 until late 2018, of these figures, 14,285 people were killed and 29,581 others wounded,” he said.

He said the Afghan government did not provide an accurate report of the Afghan forces casualties. The national unity government had requested Special Inspector General for Afghanistaninfo-icon Reconstructioninfo-icon (SIGAR) to keep Afghan forces casualties secret, he added.

Zaland said their findings showed around 22,000 Afghan soldiers had been killed until 2014. But according to President Ashraf Ghani, more than 45,000 Afghan soldiers lost their lives under the national unity government.

He said 75 foreign troops were killed in 2014 while 77 were killed and 328 others wounded in the conflict during the entire period of the national unity government in Afghanistan.

 No organs has registered the exact figures of casualties of Afghan and foreign forces.

He said according to the Afghan government security institutions, in the first year of the National Unity Government, 7,212 militants were killed and around 4397 others injured.

Overall, the aggressive strategy of the National Unity Government and political, religious and other types of pressures on the Taliban did not help curtail the ongoing fight and instead turned it bloodiest.


According to the report, 47 percent of the participants believed a peace deal between the government and the Taliban would be possible while 39 percent did not believe a peace deal would be possible.

In addition, nearly 70 percent participants said the government was not taking sincere steps towards peace and reconciliation, 22 percent believed the government was making sincere effort for peace while nine percent shared different views.

It is at a time when last year President Ashraf Ghani ordered a ceasefire and after that at the Kabul Process Conference he offered unconditional peace talks to the Taliban and announced a comprehensive strategy and plan for that.

This report shows  80 percent of people believe the High Peace Councilinfo-icon efforts for reconciliation have been a failure, 64 percent term the creation of Consultative Peace Board as useless exercise while 44 percent say talks between the US and the Taliban are a positive step.

Hikmat Zaland said peace agreement with the Hezb-i-Islamiinfo-icon was a success for the unity government but talks the Taliban-government talks were at a stalemate.

“Fortunately the US-Taliban talks broken the stalemate and the peace process entered a crucial stage. Although there is progress in talks between the Taliban and the US, but intra-Afghan talks are yet to begin,” he said.


The outcome of the study stressed that fighting was not a way forward, both the sides and common people paid a heavy cost daily in form of casualties. There is the need to stop the ongoing fighting and both sides consider it seriously.

The survey stressed trust building between the two sides, ceasefire, recognition of each other’s and striping the Taliban of the terrorist label by the Afghan government.

The Taliban also need not to figure out the Afghan government as a puppet regime.

The survey highlights that trust deficit is a huge challenge between the Afghan government and the Taliban and steps should be taken to narrow it.



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