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Disables face difficulties in access to basic rights: Report

Disables face difficulties in access to basic rights: Report

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Feb 09, 2020 - 18:49

KABULinfo-icon (Pajhwok): Disabled persons face problems in finding access to healthcare, jobs, casting votes and in reaching polling stations, the Afghanistaninfo-icon Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC) said on Sunday.

The rights body commissioner Benafshai Azizi told a gathering there that 15 percent of the worldinfo-icon’s population comprised of disabled persons who faced difficulties in access to their basic rights.

“According to 2005 survey on disabled persons, 2.7 percent of Afghanistan’s population is comprised of individuals with serious disabilities. The continuation of conflict and other different factors are behind the increase in number of disabled persons.”

She said AIHRC branch that deal with disabled people has interviewed 979 disabled people, including 179 disabled womeninfo-icon and girls, during the outgoing solar yearinfo-icon.

Among the interviewed persons, 551 were married, 339 single, 13 engaged and 19 were widowed.

During the survey, the AIHRC noted that disabled persons lacked access to healthinfo-icon facilities. Kong distances between health facilities and inhabitant areas and lack of medicines were challenges faced by them.

The survey found that 99 disabled persons attended schools while 24 studied in universities out of the total interviewees.

According to the survey, age issue, long distance to literacy centres, lack of access to schools, economic problems and lack of interest in educationinfo-icon were some causes that kept disabled persons out of schools.

Employment issues

The report showed out of total 979 interviewed persons, only 209 held jobs, 392 were pursuing education while 378 or 50 percent were unemployed.

In addition, the report showed disabled persons faced problems while excercising their right to vote and access to voter centres.

Challenges faced by disabled persons:

The report also highlighted family tension faced by disabled such as ignoring them in family related affairs, considering them less important, restrictions on visiting relatives or attending family events, embarrassment due to their disabilities and even in some cases they faced physical violence.

When it comes to social issues, disables felt uneasy among people as they were not considered equal citizens and people lacked trust in their abilities.

Recommendation

Aizizi urged the government to show seriousness in implementation of the disabled law, the issue of their rights and job opportunities.

She also demanded approval of the new law to ensure rights of disables and identification of the level of disability. 

She also recommended new census to identify the real number of disables, creation of facilities for mentally ill disabled persons, creation of separate facilities for general and special education for disabled children and facilitating disabled in their quest for higher education.

Nh/ma

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