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Afghan forces continue to rely on coalition support: US

Afghan forces continue to rely on coalition support: US

Oct 16, 2018 - 10:45

WASHINGTON (Pajhwok): Afghan National Defence and Security Forces (ANDSF) have improved some fundamental capabilities, such as high-level operational planning.

However, they continue to rely on American and coalition support to fill several key capability gaps, a US report said on Monday.

The report from US Government Accountability Office on Afghanistaninfo-icon Security found the Department of Defense lacked reliable information on how well Afghan forces operated and maintained this equipment.

It added the department had little direct contact with front-line units that made up about three-quarters of the Afghan forces.

A copy of the report was sent to the House Armed Services Committee. The US has allocated about USD84 billion for Afghan security in the 17-year from 2002 through 2018.

“Since Resolute Support began, the ANDSF have improved some capabilities … but face several capability gaps that leave them reliant on coalition assistance, according to publicly available DoD reporting,” it said.

ANA corps and police zones generally have improved in some capability areas since Resolute Support began, with some components performing better than others, the report said.

For example, the Afghan ministries have improved in operational planning, strategic communications and coordination. In general, the ANA is more capable than the police.

This is due, in part, to the ANA having more coalition advisors and monitoring than the police force. The Ministry of Interior, which oversees the police, and the justice system are both underdeveloped, it added.

Corruption, understaffing and training shortfalls have also contributed to th underdevelopment of police, according to DoD and SIGAR.

The Afghan Special Security Forces are the most capable within the ANDSF and can conduct the majority of their operations without coalition enablers.

Afghan Special Security Forces’ relative proficiency is attributed to factors such as low attrition rates, longer training, and close partnership with coalition forces.

The Afghan Air Force is becoming increasingly capable, and can independently plan and perform some operational tasks, such as armed overwatch and aerial escort missions, it concluded.

mud

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